The beginner at baitcasting is likely to be amazed and confused by the apparent complexity of the sport. Shop windows are loaded with lures. Their racks are lined with rods in varying lengths and strengths. The showcases sparkle with a wide variety of reels, lines and kindred things. But baitcasting need be no more complex than any individual wishes it to be. Here are some suggestions which should help the novice start out on a sound, fish-producing basis. Later, when he has mastered the elements of this style of fishing he may well branch out into a second and a third rod — spare lines and reels — and a multitude of casting lures, but in his first season he needs only a simple outfit and a desire to learn to use it well.
The choice of a baitcasting rod should depend upon the waters to be fished and on the fish for which it will be used. Hard fished waters call for a little more finesse and that means smaller and lighter lures, and the obvious choice is for the longer, lighter rod. A five and a half footer will do well for the civilized fishing. Little-fished waters yield excellent catches to large and heavy lures, and an angler going into the wilds will gain from the extra splash and commotion the big lures make. A 4.5 or 5 ft. rod will cast heavy lures easily and is somewhat easier to pack and carry. The species of fish to be caught is a qualifying factor. Big pike fishing – for northern pike or muskies – is done with larger lures than you would use when fishing for smallmouths, pickerel and walleyes. The lighter the lures, the longer the rod and vice-versa. A five foot rod is a good choice for general fishing or for those who are not certain where they’ll fish.
The strength of the line is dictated by the weight of the lure. A fifteen pound test line should be adequate for any bait casting…and for the playing of any freshwater game fish. The knowledge that there’s a fifteen pound upper limit on his tackle pressure should make the novice a bit more careful and thereby cause him to play his fish out completely instead of horsing them in, with the end result that he will land a very large percentage of the fish he hooks. For the lighter lures, a line of ten pound test or less will give better distance in the casts and light lines; although requiring more careful handling. It does not mean that fewer fish will be landed. Actually the reverse is true. It figures out this way.
These are some baitcasting tips for beginners, and there are plenty more at SharkAndCoralConservation.com as they have some of the best fishing guides on the internet and not only about baitcasting but everything about fishing.